27 May 2021

Petition under section 13 b of hindu marriage act

Here I will discuss about the modal draft of petition under section 13 (B) of Hindu Marriage act for dissolution of marriage by mutual consent filed from the side of Husband against wife.



In the court of Shri _________, Family Court

Ravi Kumar son of Shri ________________.           .…Petitioner No.1

                                        AND

Smt. Shakshi wife of Ravi Kumar __________.        …..Petitioner No.2

Petition Under Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 for Dissolution of Marriage by Mutual Consent as Amended upto date


Respectfully Showeth :-

1- That the petitioner No.1 was married with the petitioner No. 2 on _______ at _________ according to Hindu rites and ceremonies in the presence of relatives, friends and family members of both parties and plethora of persons of the society. Affidavit of the petitioner is enclosed herewith. The said marriage was love marriage cum arrange marriage quite simple and dowry less marriage and no dowry articles were exchanged by either party to other party.

2- That after the marriage both the petitioners lived together and cohabited with each other as husband and wife at the residence of the petitioner No.1. However out of said wedlock no child was born.

3- That since the very beginning of the marriage, due to the temperamental differences and due to the different natures and thoughts, the petitioners could not adjust themselves with each other and it became quite impossible for the petitioners to live as husband and wife under one and the same roof, therefore, petitioner No.2 left the company of the petitioner No.1 on _________ and she started residing at her parental house. Since then the petitioners have been residing separately from each other. The petitioners have neither lived together and they have not cohabited with each other nor the petitioners have visited or stayed with each other.

4- That various efforts were made by the parents of both the parties to re-conciliate the matter by convening several Panchayats but all the efforts of reconciliation were failed. Therefore, the petitioners have decided to dissolve their marriage by way of filing of Petition Under Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act for dissolution of the marriage by mutual consent.

5- That the petitioner No.1 has returned entire dowry articles, Istridhan, ornaments and jewelliaries etc. to the petitioner No.2. The petitioner No.1 has also paid full and final payment of the permanent alimony and maintenance etc. for the past, present and future to the petitioner No.2. Now nothing is payable by the petitioner No.1 to the petitioner No.2. The petitioner No.2 will never claim for any amount of maintenance or permanent alimony etc. from the petitioner No.1 in future nor the petitioner No.2 will file any case against the petitioner No.1 in future.

6- That the petitioner No.1 had filed a petition Under section 9 of the H.M. Act against the petitioner No.2 which is pending before this Hon’ble court which is now fixed for ________ and the petitioner No.1 will withdraw the said petition from this Hon’ble court.

7- That the consents of the petitioners to institute the present petition has not been obtained by force, fraud, pressure or coercion and undue influence rather it is their free will and consent of the petitioners to get their marriage dissolved by mutual consent as they have been continuously living separately since ________.

8- That the parties to the marriage are Hindus by religion.

9- That there is no improper and unnecessary delay in filing the present petition.

10- That the present petition has not been filed by the petitioners in collusion with each other.

11- That there is no legal grounds or impediments as to why the relief sought for should not be granted to the parties.

12- That the petitioners are residing at ___ and the entire cause of action to file the present petition also accrued at ____ within the territorial jurisdiction of this Hon’ble court. Hence this Hon’ble court has got the jurisdiction to entertain and decide the present petition.

13- That the requisite court fee has been affixed on the body of the petition.

PRAYER:
                      It is therefore, prayed that in the interest of justice the present petition of the petitioners may kindly be accepted and the marriage of the petitioners may kindly be dissolved by way of passing a Decree of Divorce Under Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 by mutual consent as amended up to date in the interest of justice.

                                                                                                            Petitioner No.1

Through counsel

                                                                                                               Petitioner No.2


Through counsel :


Verification:Verified that the contents of Paras No.1 to 13 of the petition are true and correct to the best of our knowledge and Paras No.14 & 15 of the petition are true to best of our belief and on the information received. The last Para is the prayer before this Hon’ble court. Verified at _______

                                                                                                        Petitioner No.1

                                                                                                        Petitioner No.2


(Affidavit in support of Petition)

In the court of________________, Family Court

Ravi Kumar       Vs.            Smt. Shakshi


Petition Under Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 for Dissolution of Marriage by Mutual Consent as Amended upto date


                                                            AFFIDAVIT.

I, Ravi Kumar son of Shri ______________ do hereby solemnly affirm and declare as under:-

1- That the deponent is the petitioner No.1 in the accompany petition and he is well conversant with the facts and circumstances of the case as such he is fully competent to swear this affidavit.

2- That the accompanying petition under section 13-B of the Hindu marriage Act for Divorce with mutual consent has been drafted by my counsel under my instructions and the contents thereof have also been explained to me which are true and correct to the best of my knowledge and the same may be read as a part and parcel of this affidavit as the same are not being repeated here for the sake of brevity.

3- That the deponent has returned entire dowry articles, Istridhan, ornaments and jewelliaries etc. to the petitioner No.2. The deponent has also paid full and final payment of the permanent alimony and maintenance etc. for the past, present and future to the petitioner No.2. Now nothing is payable by the deponent to the petitioner No.2. The petitioner No.2 will never claim for any amount of maintenance or permanent alimony etc. from deponent in future nor the petitioner No.2 will file any case against the deponent in future.

                                                                                                                        Deponent

VERIFICATION:Verified that the contents of my above affidavit are true to best of my knowledge and belief and nothing has been concealed therein. Verified at

                                                                                                                        Deponent.



(Affidavit in support of Petition)

In the court of________________, Family Court

Ravi Kumar  v            Vs.                 Smt. Shakshi


Petition Under Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 for Dissolution of Marriage by Mutual Consent as Amended upto date


                                                    AFFIDAVIT

I, Smt. Sakshi _____________do hereby solemnly affirm and declare as under:-

1- That the deponent is the petitioner No.2 in the accompany petition and she is well conversant with the facts and circumstances of the case as such she is fully competent to swear this affidavit.

2- That the accompanying petition under section 13-B of the Hindu marriage Act for Divorce with mutual consent has been drafted by my counsel under my instructions and the contents thereof have also been explained to me which are true and correct to the best of my knowledge and the same may be read as a part and parcel of this affidavit as the same are not being repeated here for the sake of brevity.

3- That the petitioner No.1 has returned entire dowry articles, Istridhan, ornaments and jewelliaries etc. to the deponent. The petitioner No.1 has also paid full and final payment of the permanent alimony and maintenance etc. for the past, present and future to the deponent. Now nothing is payable by the petitioner No.1 to the deponent. The deponent will never claim for any amount of maintenance or permanent alimony etc. from the petitioner No.1 in future nor the deponent will file any case against the petitioner No.1 in future.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Deponent

VERIFICATION:Verified that the contents of my above affidavit are true to best of my knowledge and belief and nothing has been concealed therein. Verified at __________

                                                                                                                                Deponent.



25 May 2021

302 IPC | धारा 302 आईपीसी |

 

धारा 302  IPC का विवरण

 

भारतीय दंड संहिता की धारा 302 के अनुसार, जो कोई भी किसी व्यक्ति को मारता है उसे मौत या आजीवन कारावास की सजा के साथ-साथ आर्थिक दंड भी दिया जाएगा ।

 

 लागू अपराध- हत्या करना

 सजा- मौत की सजा या आजीवन कारावास + आर्थिक दंड

 

यह एक गैर-जमानती, संज्ञेय अपराध है और सत्र न्यायालय द्वारा विनिमेय है।

यह अपराध समझौता करने योग्य नहीं है |

 

हम अक्सर सुनते और पढ़ते हैं कि हत्या के एक मामले में कोर्ट ने आरोपी को भारतीय दंड संहिता की धारा 302 के तहत हत्या का दोषी पाया है.  ऐसे मामलों में अदालत ने दोषी को मौत या आजीवन कारावास की सजा सुनाई है।  लेकिन फिर भी बहुत से लोगों को धारा 302 के बारे में सही जानकारी नहीं है, आइए भारतीय दंड संहिता यानि भारतीय दंड संहिता की धारा 302 के बारे में बात करते हैं।

 

 

  आईपीसी की धारा 302 क्या है?

 भारत में ब्रिटिश शासन के दौरान 1862 में भारतीय दंड प्रक्रिया संहिता लागू की गई थी।  तब से, समाज की जरूरतों के हिसाब से समय-समय पर आईपीसी में संशोधन किया गया है।  भारतीय दंड संहिता मे विशेष रूप से परिवर्तन भारत की स्वतंत्रता के बाद किए गए।  आईपीसी का महत्व इतना था कि पाकिस्तान और बांग्लादेश ने भी इसे आपराधिक शासन के उद्देश्यों के लिए अपनाया था।

इसी तरह, भारतीय दंड संहिता की मूल संरचना को म्यांमार, बर्मा, श्रीलंका, मलेशिया, सिंगापुर, ब्रुनेई, आदि देशो मे ब्रिटिश शासन के तहत लागू किया गया था।

 

 भारतीय दंड संहिता की धारा 302 कई मायनों में महत्वपूर्ण है।  इस धारा के तहत केवल हत्या के आरोप में मुकदमा चलाया जाता है।  इसके अलावा, अगर इस मामले में हत्या का आरोपी दोषी पाया जाता है, तो धारा 302 ऐसे अपराधियों को दंडित करती है।  इसमें कहा गया है कि जो कोई भी हत्या करेगा उसे आजीवन कारावास या मौत की सजा (हत्या की गंभीरता के आधार पर) के साथ-साथ जुर्माना भी दिया जाएगा।  हत्या के मामलों में अदालत का मुख्य बिंदु आरोपी की मंशा और उद्देश्य होता है।  इसलिए जरूरी है कि इस धारा के तहत आने वाले मामलों में आरोपी के मकसद और मंशा को साबित किया जाए।

 

 हत्या के आवश्यक तत्व क्या हैं?

 हत्या के आवश्यक तत्वों में शामिल हैं:


  इरादा: मौत का कारण बनना चाहिए |

  शारीरिक चोट: शारीरिक चोट पहुंचाने का इरादा होना चाहिए जिससे मृत्यु हो सकती है।

 

उदाहरण:

  "A" "B" को मारने के इरादे से गोली मारता है ।  नतीजतन, "B" मर जाता है,  हत्या A द्वारा की गई है।

 

 "D" जानबूझकर "C" को तलवार से निशाना बनाता है, जो किसी के लिए भी मौत का स्वाभाविक कारण है।  नतीजतन, "C" की मृत्यु हो जाती है,  यहां "D" हत्या का दोषी है, हालांकि वह "C" की मौत का कारण नहीं था।

 

 

 धारा 302 का दायरा

 

भारतीय दंड संहिता की धारा 302 में मृत्युदंड का प्रावधान है।  इस धारा के अनुसार हत्या करने वाले को इस प्रकार दंडित किया जाता है।

  मौत;

  आजीवन कारावास;

  अपराधियों को जुर्माना भी भरना होगा।

 

मृत्युदंड एक कानूनी प्रक्रिया है जिसके तहत राज्य किसी व्यक्ति को अपराध के लिए सजा के रूप में मौत की सजा देता है।  भारत में, मृत्युदंड का उपयोग दुर्लभ मामलों (Rarest of Rare) के लिए किया जाता है।  अपराध के लिए "दुर्लभतम मामला" होने के मानक/मापदंड को परिभाषित नहीं किया गया है। 

 

धारा 302 304 आईपीसी मे क्या अंतर है ?

धारा 302 का मतलब है कि आरोपी स्वयं हत्या की मंशा से पूरी तैयारी के साथ आए और घटना को अंजाम दे दे जबकि धारा 304 गैर इरादतन आपराधिक हत्या का मतलब है कि आरोपी अचानक किसी घटना में शामिल हो जाता है और हत्या को अंजाम दे देता है धारा 304 में आजीवन कारावास का भी प्रावधान है लेकिन आम तौर पर इसमे केवल एक से पाँच वर्ष तक की सजा है।

 

All sections of IPC | List of IPC all sections

 

Hello friends before knowing about the all sections of IPC, here I will introduce to you that What is IPC (Indian Penal Code) and when it come in existence.

 

What is IPC ?

 

IPC refers to Indian Penal Code. This law was passed in the year 1860. It tells us what is the crime committed by the offender and how much punishment/penalty is prescribed for it. In Urdu the IPC is also called as Taj-Irat-E-Hind. You have often seen in the movies that when a judge in a court sentences a criminal, he says that (Dafa 302 ke tahat muljim ko fansi ki saja dee jaati hai) or  the death sentence is given under the Taj-irat-e-Hind 302, it is nothing but the Indian Penal Code and Dafa means Dhara or Seksan. 

 

In total there are 511 Sections and 23 chapters in the IPC i.e. the IPC is divided into a total of 23 chapters. The IPC is the world's largest criminal collection, that is, there is no other criminal law in the country larger than I.P.C. This is applicable in the entire country except Kashmir.

 

If we try to understand the IPC through example, then the IPC itself will determine whether an incident is theft, loot or robbery, suppose if two people break into someone's house at night no matter how much cash, jewelry or other, they taken away it will be called theft and if two persons take cash, jewelry or other valuables from the house by showing weapons and intimidating the members of the house on the basis of illegal weapon, then it will be called loot and assume that if the same incident is done by 5 persons, it would be robbery, because five or more persons are written in the definition of robbery in the IPC.  In the IPC itself, there is also a provision for imprisonment/punishment and fine for different period for theft, loot and robbery.

 

IPC is divided into 23 chapters.

 

IPC Chapter 1 –     Introduction. (Section 1 to 5)

 

IPC Chapter 2 –   General Explanation (Section 6 to 52)

 

IPC Chapter 3-    Of Punishments ( Sections 53 to 75)

 

IPC Chapter 4-     General Exceptions of the Right of Private

                              Defense (Sections 76 to 106)

 

IPC Chapter 5-    Of abetment/Incitation (Sections 107 to 120)

 

IPC Chapter 5A- Criminal Conspiracy/deception(Sec.120-A to120B)

 

IPC Chapter 6-    Of offences against State (Sec. 121 to 130)

 

IPC Chapter 7-     Of offences relating to Army, Navy & Force.

                            (Sec. 131 to 140)

 

IPC Chapter 8-    Of offences against the public peace/tranquility

                            (Sections 141 to 160)

 

IPC Chapter 9-    Of offence by by or relating to public servant.

                            (Sections 161 to 171) 

 

IPC Chapter 9A-  Of Offences Relating to Elections. (Sec. 171-1 to 171-I)

 

IPC Chapter 10-   Of contempts of lawful authority of public servants.

                               (Sections 172 to 190)

 

IPC Chapter 11-   Of false evidence and offence against public justice.

                              (Sections 191 to 229)

 

IPC Chapter 12-  Of offences related to coin and Govt. Stamps.

                            (Sections 230 to 263)

 

IPC Chapter 13- Of offences related to Weight and measures.

                              (Sections 264 to 267)

 

IPC Chapter 14-  Of offences affecting/simulating the public health-safety-

                            convenience, decency-morals. (Sec. 268 to 294)

 

IPC Chapter 15-  Of offences relating to Relegion/divinity. (Sec. 295 to 298)

 

IPC Chapter 16-    Of offences affecting the Human Body i.e Murder, Homicide,

                              Causing Miscarriage, injuries to unborn children, causing hurt

                              Wrongful confinement, Assault, Kidnapping, abduction, Slavery,

                              Sexual offence like rape and sodomy.

                              (Sections 299 to 377)

 

IPC Chapter 17-  Of offences against the property i.e Theft, Extortion, Robbery,

                             Criminal Misappropriation of property, Crml. Breach of trust,

                            Receiving of Stolen Property, Cheating, Fraudulent Deeds of

                            property, Mischief, Criminal Trespassing.

                              (Sections 378 to 462)

 

IPC Chapter 18- Offences relating to Document and Property Marks.

                               (Sections 463 to 489)

 

IPC Chapter 19-  Offences in criminal breach of contract of services.

                              (Sections 489 to 492)

 

IPC Chapter 20- Offences related to marriages.

                              (Sections 493 to 498)

 

IPC Chapter 20A-  Cruelty by Husband or relative of husband.

                     (Section 498-A IPC)

 

IPC Chapter 21-   Of defamation. (Sections 499 to 502)

 

IPC Chapter 22-   criminal intimidation, insult and annoyance.

                            (Section 503 to 510)

 

IPC Chapter 23- Attempts to commit offences. (Sec. 511)